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CritCases 2 – Is this Septic Shock with Pneumonia?

Welcome to EM Cases' CritCases blog, a collaboration between Mike Betzner, the STARS air ambulance service and EM Cases’ Michael Misch and Anton Helman! These are educational cases with multiple decision points where there is no strong evidence to guide us. Various strategies and opinions from providers around the world are coalesced and presented to you in an engaging format. Enjoy!

EM Cases Best of 2015 Top Ten

2015 was the most productive year in the entire 6 year history of EM Cases with a total of 33 podcast releases, the introduction of the Waiting to Be Seen Blog, the first EM Cases Digest ebook and the planning of the first ever EM Cases Course. The website racked up 393,616 page views, and podcast downloads totaled a whopping 1,027,744 downloads in 2015. Based on a blend of the number of podcast downloads, webpage views, social media engagement, scores on the questionnaires at the bottom of each post, number of positive emails and comments that I received, and my own favs, I'm pleased to bring you the EM Cases Best of 2015 top 10 picks of 2015. Many huge thanks to the entire EM Cases team, Advisory Board, SREMI, the amazing guest experts and you, the listeners, for making 2015 the most successful year for EM Cases! And here they are.....

Episode 73 Emergency Management of Pediatric Seizures

Pediatric seizures are common. So common that about 5% of all children will have a seizure by the time they’re 16 years old. If any of you have been parents of a child who suddenly starts seizing, you’ll know intimately how terrifying it can be. While most of the kids who present to the ED with a seizure will end up being diagnosed with a benign simple febrile seizure, some kids will suffer from complex febrile seizures, requiring some more thought, work-up and management, while others will have afebrile seizures which are a whole other kettle of fish. We need to know how to differentiate these entities, how to work-them up and how to manage them in the ED. At the other end of the spectrum of disease there is status epilepticus – a true emergency with a scary mortality rate - where you need to act fast and know your algorithms like the back of your hand. This topic was chosen based on a nation-wide needs assessment study conducted by TREKK (Translating Emergency Knowledge for Kids), a collaborator with EM Cases. With the help of two of Canada’s Pediatric Emergency Medicine seizure experts hand picked by TREKK, Dr. Lawrence Richer and Dr. Angelo Mikrogianakis, we’ll give you the all the tools you need to approach the child who presents to the ED with seizure with the utmost confidence.

Episode 65 – IV Iron for Anemia in Emergency Medicine

For years we’ve been transfusing red cells in the ED to patients who don’t actually need them. A study looking at trends in transfusion practice in the ED found that about 1/3 of transfusions given were deemed totally inappropriate. As we explained in previous EM Cases episodes, there have been a whole slew of articles in the literature over the years that have shown that morbidity and mortality outcomes with lower hemoglobin thresholds, like 70g/L for transfusing ICU patients (TRICC trial), patients in septic shock (TRISS trial), and patients with GI bleeds are similar to outcomes with traditional higher hemoglobin thresholds of 90 or 100g/L. We’re simply transfusing blood way too much! The American Association of Blood Banks in conjunction with the American Board of Internal Medicine’s Choosing Wisely campaign, as one of its 5 statements on overuse of procedures, stated, “don’t transfuse iron deficiency without hemodynamic instability”. So, in this episode with the help of Transfusion specialist, researcher and co-author of the American Association of Blood Banks transfusion guidelines Dr. Jeannie Callum, Transfusion specialist and researcher Dr. Yulia Lin, and 'the walking encyclopedia of EM' Dr. Walter Himmel, we give you an understanding of why it’s important to avoid red cell transfusions in certain situations, why IV iron is sometimes a better option in a significant subset of anemic patients in the ED, and the practicalities of exactly how to administer IV iron.

EM Cases Summaries OLD

The EM Cases Summaries are succinct, written, easily navigable, key point reports of each main episode podcast, authored by Our Team that you can download to your smartphone or tablet to reference and read at the bedside or at your leisure with 2 easy automatic download options: Evernote or Dropbox. Or you can download individual summary pdfs below. Download individual pdf EM Cases Summaries by clicking on the episode title below Episode 174 Traumatic Pneumothorax - Is Less More? with Mathieu Toulouse Episode 173 Febrile Infant with Brett Burstein & Gary Joubert Episode 172 Syncope Simplified with David Carr Episode 170 Cardiac Arrest Controversies Part 2 - PoCUS, Communication, ECPR, Termination with Bourke Tillmann, Scott Weingart, Sara Gray & Rob Simard Episode 169 Cardiac Arrest Controversies Part 1 with Bourke Tillmann, Scott Weingart, Sara Gray & Rob Simard Episode 167 Myocarditis with Paul Dorian & Walter Himmel Episode 166 Pericarditis & Cardiac Tamponade with Paul Dorian & Walter Himmel Episode 164 Cardiogenic Shock Simplified with Tarlan Hedayati & Bourke Tillmann Episode 163 Acute Heart Failure Part 1 with Tarlan Hedayati & Bourke Tillmann Episode 161 Red Flag [...]

By |2022-11-06T02:48:52-05:00January 20th, 2014|Tags: |0 Comments

Episode 27: Drugs of Abuse – Stimulants and Opiates

Dr. Margaret Thompson & Dr. Lisa Thurgur Canada's toxicologist gurus discuss several cases of stimulant drugs of abuse such as cocaine, MDMA & bath salts, as well as the pearls and pitfalls of managing opiates toxicity. We discuss: The management of the intoxicated patient including seizures, dysrhythmias, cardiac ischemia and hypertensive emergencies related to cocaine toxicity, the recognition and management of necrotizing vasculitis caused by cocaine cut with Levamisole, the differential diagnosis and management of the "hot and crazy" patient, including the role of dantrolene and cyproheptidine, pearls and pitfalls of naloxone, the utility of urine drug screens and much more....

Episode 13 Part 2: Killer Coma Cases – The Intoxicated Patient

In part 2 of this episode Dr. Helman presents two more cases to Dr. Carr and Dr. Steinhart, who give us their insights into the common conundrums when it comes to the intoxicated ED patient, and some key clues to the not-so-common life threatening toxicological emergencies that we need to be on the look out for.

Episode 9: Nontraumatic Eye Emergencies

Nontraumatic Eye Emergencies are seldom very satisfying for the emergency physician to manage. However, with systematic approach and timely management they can save a patient's vision. Dr. George Porfiris and Dr. Simon Kingsley discuss four non-traumatic eye emergency presentations. The painful red eye, the painless red eye, acute painful loss of vision and acute painless loss of vision. Several cases are discussed in which an accurate diagnosis and timely ED management are of critical importance in order to prevent permanent vision loss and significant morbidity. A systematic approach to the eye examination is described with particular attention to important maneuvers such as the swinging flashlight test. The utility of ED ultrasound of the eye is debated, and a discussion around systemic diseases that cause eye problems provides fodder for many clinical pearls.

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