EM Cases Main Episodes are round table in-depth discussions with 2 or more EM Cases guest experts, inherently peer reviewed, and edited for a podcast.

Ep 185 Atraumatic Dental Emergencies

In this Part 1 of our 2-part podcast series on dental emergencies, with the help of Dr. Chris Nash and Dr. Richard Ngo, we tackle these atraumatic dental emergencies: infections ranging from dental caries to pulpitis and gingivitis to dental abscess, cellulitis and deep space infection, as well as acute necrotizing gingivitis, pericoronitis and dry socket. These all have specific clinical characteristics and require specific management...

Ep 184 Must Know Drug Interactions in Emergency Medicine

We miss potentially dangerous and even lethal drug interactions in EM more often than we realize. In this main episode EM Cases podcast with Dr. David Juurlink and Dr. Walter Himmel we review the common categories of drugs, the high risk patients and the key drug interactions that we need to know about in Emergency Medicine... Please support EM Cases by giving a donation: https://emergencymedicinecases.com/donation/

Ep 183 STIs: Pelvic Inflammatory Disease and Genital Lesions – HSV, Syphilis and LVG

In this part 2 of our 2-part series on STIs with Dr. Catherine Varner and Dr. Robyn Shafer we answer such questions as: Why should we care about making the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in the ED? What combination of clinical features and lab tests should trigger a presumptive diagnosis and empiric treatment of PID? Which patients with PID require admission to hospital? What are the test characteristics of ultrasound for the diagnosis of PID and for Fitz-Hugh-Curtis Syndrome? When and how should we work up  patients for syphilis in the ED? When should we suspect and empirically treat for lymphogranuloma venereum and granuloma inguinale? does an IUD need to be removed in patients with PID? and many more...

Ep 182 STIs: Cervicitis, Vulvovaginitis and Urethritis Emergency Recognition and Management

In this Part 1 or our two-part podcast series on STIs we discuss a general approach to cervicitis, vulvovaginitis and urethritis, elucidate some key historical features, debate who needs a pelvic exam in the ED, understand who needs what testing, debate self swabs vs physician taken swabs, dig into some specific under-recognized organisms like Mycoplasma Genitalium, figure out who needs what kind of empiric treatment, sexual partner treatment and which discharge instructions are key...

Ep181 Cerebral Venous Thrombosis, Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension, Giant Cell Arteritis and Peripartum Headaches

In this episode, Dr. Roy Baskind and Dr. Ahmit Shah answer such questions as: when is an opening pressure on LP required? When should we pull the trigger on ordering a CT venogram in the patient with unexplained headache? Which older patients who present with headache require an ESR/CRP? How do the presentations of cerebral venous thrombosis (CVT) and idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) compare and contrast? When is it safe to start steroids in the ED for patients suspected of giant cell arteritis (GCA); will starting steroids affect the accuracy of a temporal artery biopsy? How soon should patients suspected of GCA get a temporal artery biopsy? When should we consider posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) and pituitary apoplexy in the peripartum patient? How should we think about the differential diagnosis of vascular headaches? and many more... 

Ep 180 Acetaminophen Poisoning – Pitfalls in Assessment and Management

In this main episode podcast we explore a dozen pitfalls in the assessment and management of acetaminophen poisoning. Dr. Emily Austin and Dr. Margaret Thompson answer questions such as: how is massive acetaminophen overdose a totally different toxidrome compared to non-massive overdose? Which patients are the ones that we are most likely to miss and have poor outcomes? What are the common ways in which we misinterpret the Rumack-Matthew nomogram? What are indications for fomepizole and dialysis after acetaminophen poisoning? Is hyperphosphatemia the best predictor of need for liver transplant in acetaminophen poisoning? and many more... Please support EM Cases by giving a donation: https://emergencymedicinecases.com/donation/

Ep 179 Hand Injuries – Finger Tip Injuries, Jersey Finger, PIP Dislocations, Metacarpal Fractures, Thumb Injuries, Tendon Lacerations

ED recognition and management of some commonly missed or mismanaged hand inuries including finger tip avulsions and amputations, nailbed injuries, PIP dislocations, metacarpal fractures, hand tendon lacerations, Stener lesions, Seymour fractures, mallet fingers, jersey fingers, skier's thumb, Bennet fractures and Rolando fractures with masters Dr. Arun Sayal and Dr. Matt Distefano...

Ep 178 Hand Injuries – Pitfalls in Assessment and Management

The hand is anatomically complex. Having an anatomical-based approach to the assessment of patients who present to the Emergency Department is important to preserve quality of life following a hand injury. Hand injuries are the second most common injury leading to days without work. It is no surprise then that open finger injuries land in the top 10 most common diagnoses that end up in court. In this first part of our two-part series on hand injuries Dr. Matt Distefano and Dr. Arun Sayal guide us through the principles and pitfalls of assessment and management of hand injuries and answer questions such as: what is the differential diagnosis of a globally swollen hand? What is the intrinsic minus hand position? When should we suspect compartment syndrome of the hand? How should we best locate retracted lacerated tendons of the hand? What are the best ways to control bleeding of a finger tip amputation? What are the best analgesic choices? How large of a skin avulsion hand injury should we let heal by secondary intention rather than recommend a flap/skin graft? and many more...

Ep 175 Emergency Orthopedics Differential: SCARED OF Mnemonic – When X-rays Lie

In this main episode podcast, Dr. Arun Sayal creator of the CASTED course and Dr. Yatin Chadha a radiologist with a fellowship in MSK radiology, join Anton for Part 1 of 2 podcasts on Emergency Orthopedic Injuries. This episode focuses on a differential diagnosis of MSK injuries that are occult to X-ray with the help of the SCARED OF mnemonic. It ensures we pick up all the “can’t miss” diagnoses that can be easily overlooked when we do not integrate a pointed history and physical exam with the X-ray in front of us. Essentially, we discuss ‘when X-rays lie’ and offer up a variety of clinical pearls and pitfalls in assessing patients in the ED with MSK presentations…

Ep 174 Is Less More? Saving EM and Traumatic Pneumothorax – Highlights from CAEP 2022

Emergency Medicine has undergone many changes over the last couple of decades and especially during the COVID pandemic. Most of these changes have been very positive, but increasing volumes, staff shortages, aging populations, increasing breadth of responsibilities and better access to more imaging have made some of us question how we should define the scope of our practices. In this main episode podcast, highlights from CAEP 2022 conference, Anton discusses the article 'Saving EM: Is Less More?' with Dr. Paul Atkinson and Dr. Grant Innes and offer some solutions to this current state of affairs in EM. In another CAEP highlight, trauma team leader Dr. Mathieu Toulouse delivers the latest on management of traumatic pneumothorax. He answers such questions as: Do all patients with a traumatic pneumothorax require tube thoracostomy? How do CXR and CT differ in determining which patients require a chest tube? Do all patients receiving positive pressure ventilation require a chest tube for their traumatic pneumothorax? Does the presence of hemothorax necessitate placement of a chest tube? Are 14Fr pigtail catheters adequate for all traumatic pneumothoraces? and many more...

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