ECG Cases 44 ECG Interpretation in Epigastric pain, Vomiting

In this ECG Cases blog with Dr. Jesse McLaren we interpret 10 ECG cases and explore cardiac, metabolic and GI causes: We consider anginal equivalents, and look for ECG signs of Occlusion MI, including subacute occlusion from delayed presentations. We consider electrolyte disturbances and look for ECG signs of hyperkalemia or hypokalemia/hypomagnesemia, and we consider the differential of diffuse ST depression with reciprocal ST elevation in aVR, and false positive STEMI...

Ep 184 Must Know Drug Interactions in Emergency Medicine

We miss potentially dangerous and even lethal drug interactions in EM more often than we realize. In this main episode EM Cases podcast with Dr. David Juurlink and Dr. Walter Himmel we review the common categories of drugs, the high risk patients and the key drug interactions that we need to know about in Emergency Medicine...

ECG Cases 43 – ECG Interpretation in Shortness of Breath

In this ECG Cases blog we look at 10 patients with shortness of breath, and discuss how the ECG can be used to help diagnose cardiac, respiratory and metabolic emergencies. We discover that for STEMI/OMI vs subendocardial ischemia, we should look for STEMI(-)OMI, subacute OMI, and OMI in the presence of LBBB and RBBB, and consider the differential for diffuse ST depression with reciprocal ST elevation in aVR. For RV strain, acute vs chronic, we should look for signs of acute RV strain and chronic pulmonary hypertension. for low voltages we should consider pericardial effusion and other causes, and for hyperkalemia we should look for multiple signs of hyperkalemia as a guide for empiric calcium...

ECG Cases 37 ECG interpretation in electrolyte emergencies

While most of us have a clear algorithm in our minds for the management of life-threatening hyperkalemia, the same may not be said about the other life-threatening electrolyte abnormalities. In this ECG Cases blog Dr. Jesse MacLaren gives us an approach to potassium, calcium and magnesium abnormalities including risk factor assessment, ECG interpretation and management pearls...

ECG Cases 21: Hyperacute T-waves and Occlusion MI

In this month's ECG Cases blog, Dr. Jesse MacLaren guides us through 10 cases of patients whose ECGs show tall T-waves and gives us the tools to distinguish the hyperacute T-waves of occlusion MI from other causes of tall T-waves....

ECG Cases 20 – Approach to Bradycardia and the BRADI Mnemonic

In this ECG Cases we review 10 patients who presented with bradycardia, introduce an approach to reversible causes using the BRADI mnemonic and guide you through how to use the ECG to guide management...

ECG Cases 17 – ST ELEVATIONS mnemonic and Occlusion MI

In this ECG Cases blog we look at 10 patients who presented with ST elevation, and review the differential diagnosis of ST elevation using the ELEVATIONS mnemonic. Which had occlusion MI?

Ep 150 Acute Kidney Injury – A Simple Emergency Approach to AKI

In this first part of our 2 part podcast series on AKI we answer questions such as: Is there any value in the BUN:Cr ratio in distinguishing prerenal from intrarenal disease? Why is nephritic syndrome one of the most important intrarenal causes to pick up in the ED? Is there any value in urine electrolytes for the ED workup of AKI? Is there a role for bicarb in patients with severe AKI? How can we choose wisely when it comes to imaging for patients with AKI? How can we utilize POCUS best in working up the patient with AKI? What are the indications for ordering a CK to look for rhabdomyolysis? At what CK level do patients typically develop AKI? How can the McMahon score help us manage rhabdomyolysis? What is the value of urine myoglobin in the workup of rhabdomyolysis? What are indications for dialysis in patients with rhabdomyolysis? What are safe discharge criteria for patients with rhabdomyolysis? and many more...

ECG Cases 10 – Hyperkalemia: The Great Imitator

Which of the following 9 patients had hyperkalemia? Can you estimate how high their serum potassium was based on the ECG? Jesse MacLaren guides us through 9 ECGs underscoring the fact that while the ECG cannot rule out hyperkalemia, significant hyperkalemia often produces ECG changes in the heart rate (bradycardia, junctional rhythm), electrical conduction (PR prolongation or loss of P waves, QRS prolongation, pacemaker delays), and ST/T waves (Brugada phenocopy, peaked T waves that are narrow/pointy) that can be easily recognized. He suggests when you might pull the trigger on giving empiric calcium treatment based on the ECG finding in this month's ECG Cases...

By |2020-06-15T21:35:47-04:00June 15th, 2020|Categories: ECG Cases, Uncategorized|Tags: , , , , |4 Comments

Best Case Ever 56 Anion Gap Metabolic Acidosis

In this month's Best Case Ever on EM Cases Dr. Ross Claybo and Dr. Keerat Grewal tell the story of a patient with a complicated anion gap metabolic acidosis. We discuss how to sort through the differential diagnosis with a better mnemonic than MUDPILES, the controversy around administering sodium bicarbonate for metabolic acidosis, the indications for fomepizole and the value of taking time to to build a therapeutic relationship with your ED patients...

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